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11.   European Integration and National Interests (1962)
From the outset, the governments of the EC member states had differing views on how far European integration should go. Based on speeches by European statesmen, this summary reveals fundamental differences....
12.   A New Chapter in Economic Policy (March 21, 1962)
In this speech, Minister of Economics Ludwig Erhard appeals for reason and moderation and emphasizes the need for all social groups to work together on economic....
13.   Report on a Successful Flight to the West via an Underground Tunnel (May 19, 1962)
West Berliners were heartened by accounts of unique and successful flight attempts, such as the one....
14.   The International Socialist Division of Labor (June 7, 1962)
Under the leadership of Nikita Khrushchev, head of both the CPSU and the Soviet government, efforts to intensify the economic integration of COMECON....
15.   GDR Order to Fire on Would-be Escapees (c. 1962)
In contrast to the standard use of weapons to deter attacks on a state’s border from the outside, the GDR government authorized the use of weapons against citizens who were attempting to escape....
16.   "New Left" (October 4-5, 1962)
Hoping to constitute a “New Left” distinct from the old labor movement, the 17th delegate conference of the Socialist German Student Association [Sozialistische Deutsche Studentenbund or SDS]....
17.   Democracy in Jeopardy (October 29, 1962)
On October 10, 1962, the news magazine Der Spiegel published an article stating that the Bundeswehr was only conditionally prepared to defend the country against a nuclear attack [bedingt....
18.   The Spiegel Affair and the Strengths and Weaknesses of German Democracy (November 12, 1962)
The editor-in-chief of the conservative tabloid BILD-Zeitung joins in the nearly unanimous press condemnation of the investigation of Der Spiegel but stresses the strengths of West....
19.   Principles of the "Social Market Economy" (December 19, 1962)
Professor Alfred Müller-Armack, state secretary in the economics ministry and one of Ludwig Erhard’s chief advisors, coined the term “Social Market Economy” back in 1946. While based on the principles....
20.   The Soviet Government’s Explanation of its Berlin Policy (December 24, 1962)
In a letter to Konrad Adenauer, Soviet President Nikita Khrushchev justifies the Berlin Wall, describing it as a defense against....
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