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School Reform in Baden: Edict Issued by Margrave Karl Friedrich von Baden (May 13, 1803)

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20.) However, since not only the state but just as much the church benefits from maintenance of the state’s institute of higher learning, which applies even more so as the clergy to be educated always comprises the majority of studying youths; moreover, since the great burden on all of the state’s sources of revenue does not make sole absorption of that new endowment into the public purse possible, one quarter of those annual requirements amounting to 10,000 guilders shall be drawn from those church foundations of all Our territories, which after payment of their regular costs have surpluses. This shall occur in such a way that the Catholic foundation shall contribute to this end two fifths amounting to 4,000 guilders annually, the Lutheran one another two fifths amounting to the same sum, and finally the Reformed one another fifth amounting to 2,000 guilders [ . . . ].

21.) The general studies of this interdenominational school of higher learning shall be devoted to the three Christian religious communities that enjoy civil rights in Germany to such an extent that the subject of religion shall include canon law and that within it, each chair shall be occupied twofold, namely by one Protestant and one Catholic; the chair in dogmatics and anything associated with it, however, threefold, namely by two instructors each from the Protestant denominations; in all of the remaining sections, though, We will appoint, in each case to be settled, the most worthy competent candidate for the chairs, irrespective of religious characteristics.

22.) In the church section, the subjects taught permanently in accordance with Protestant as well as Catholic principles shall include dogmatics, dogmatics history, and polemics, (for which are designated three chairs from the three Christian denominations), moreover theological morals, pastoral theology, homiletics and catechetics, both theoretical and practical, canon law, church history, and exegesis of the Old and New Testaments, along with the appropriate language instruction (for which six additional chairs are designated, half of them for Catholics and half of them for Protestants); [ . . . ]

23.) In the section relating to constitutional law, the subjects lectured permanently shall include German law, imperial history, constitutional law, feudal law, penal law, also constitutional and legal practice, which shall be distributed among five full instructors, who in addition must be prepared to give classes on everything desired by any individual enthusiasts that may be present, providing insight into the legal relations of the rulers and subjects in regard to the German Empire as a whole and to individual territories in general, or with respect to Our electorate specifically, also concerning the legal relations of the subjects between one another according to their different estates and situations.

24.) In the medical section, for which six chairs shall be available, it must be possible to learn any material related to knowledge of the healthy and diseased state both of the human and the animal body, the treatment of it on healthy and sick days, related to knowledge of the preparation and application of the remedies for internal and external use that serve to this end, and finally related to the prevention or elimination of the hindrances interfering with good health; particularly, however, the subjects that must be lectured always, though partly in proper alternation from one semester to the next, include the following: anatomy, neurology, and skeletology, the physiology of the human body, hygiene and obstetrics, internal and external medicine, the science of instruments and bandages, official natural history and pharmaceutical chemistry, and finally veterinary pharmaceutics in its entire breadth.

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