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Penal Law Code for the Kingdom of Bavaria (1813)

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Art. 4. The different types of penalties are the following: I. Death penalty, II. Punishment by shackling, III. Imprisonment, IV. Hard labor camp, V. Imprisonment in a fortress, VI. Infamies and punishment by public humiliation, VII. Corporal punishment, VIII. Detention in prison or in a fortress, IX. Fines.

Art. 5. Anyone who has forfeited his life shall be led to the place of execution bareheaded, wearing a gray smock and a sign on the front and back indicating the crime committed, and shall be decapitated there.

[ . . . ]

Art. 22. The following shall be applied henceforth as infamies: I. Removal from office (dishonorable dismissal), which results in the loss of the service rank and salary, as well as ineligibility for any honors, public and honorary offices; II. Assertion of ineligibility for honorary posts and public offices; III. Simple dismissal from service, which certainly results in the loss of service rank and salary but not in ineligibility for public and honorary offices.

The following are classed as humiliating penalties: I. Demotion of a public servant to a post lower in rank and salary (degradation); II. Revocation and formal plea for forgiveness; III. Judicial reprimand. [ . . . ]

Art. 25. Corporal punishment must never exceed the number of fifty blows.

The number of blows is to be specified in the sentence.

Corporal punishment is to be administered onto the bare back, using a switch tied together from birch twigs.

In cases where the law does not specifically stipulate public corporal punishment, punishment shall be administered in prison by the bailiff with a judicial official attending.

Art. 26. Corporal punishment may only be administered after a favorable appraisal by the forensic pathologist. [ . . . ]

Second Chapter. Of injuries and other abuses to the person.

Art. 178. Anyone attacking someone else by force without intent to kill but with unlawful premeditation, mistreating that person physically or damaging that person’s health through wounding, injuring, or other means shall be deemed guilty of the offence of bodily harm. [ . . . ]

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