||Loreley Rock at St. Goarshausen on the Rhine (19th Century)
The legendary figure of the Loreley became part of German folklore in the nineteenth century. In a ballad included in his novel Godwi (1800-01), the Romantic poet Clemens....
||Philipp Otto Runge, The Hülsenbeck Children (1805-06)
In an age that witnessed both dwindling institutional patronage and a rising bourgeois art market, many artists viewed portraiture as their bread and butter. For the Romantic artist, however, a portrait....
||Portrait of Clemens Wenzel Lothar Prince von Metternich (1815)
Clemens Wenzel Lothar Prince von Metternich (1773-1859), shown here as the suave aristocrat, was the dominant statesman in the German territories during the first half of the nineteenth century.....
||The Flags of the Guilds (1815)
Guild flags, etching from 1815. Over the centuries, the guilds had developed into a pillar of the existing economic order. As this etching makes clear, they had their own elaborate system of signs....
||E.T.A. Hoffmann, "The Strange Child" (1816)
E. T. A. Hoffmann (1776-1822) is perhaps best known to American audiences as the author of the story that inspired Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker (1892) – though this beloved ballet bears only....
||"Hep-Hep Riot" in Frankfurt am Main (1819)
Contemporary etching of a so-called Hep-Hep riot against Frankfurt Jews, one of the most serious instances of the largely urban violence that began in Würzburg (Bavaria) in August 1819 and then spread....
||Tutoring for Bourgeois Children during the Biedermeier Era (c. 1820)
Starting in the late 18th century, a so-called Bildungsbürgertum – an educated middle-class – developed in the German states. This class defined itself more on the basis of education than....
||Evening Prayer (1823)
This scene of three generations gathered for an evening prayer suggests the patriarchal nature....
||Visit to the Protestant Pastor's House for Baptism (1828)
German Protestant churches recognize only two of the seven sacraments administered by the Catholic Church: baptism and Holy Communion. This lively scene of a christening at a Protestant pastor’s....
||Carl von Clausewitz
The Prussian Major General Carl von Clausewitz (1780-1831) was a military reformer and strategist, and one of the leading military thinkers of the nineteenth century. In many respects, Clausewitz's....