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Pollution caused by a Chemical Factory in the Westphalian town of Iserlohn (1839-1852)

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2. All escaping gases from
a.) the sulfur burning oven,
b.) the lead chambers,
c.) the saltpeter stills,
and, finally, d.) the concentration room for sulfuric acid, must be directed, by means of ventilation pipes, to one or several condensers, and finally

3. carried off into the common chimney, which must be given sufficient draft.

4. The connecting pipes between the various balloons for the reception and condensation of the expelled nitric acid must be closed off, not by water, but by a body impermeable to gases.

5. The cooling, decanting, and mixing of the nitric acid can be done only in the room for the nitric acid preparation, or in some other location that has a funnel-shaped covering and which must be connected with a condenser and, in the near future, also with the chimney.

To these are added the following general conditions:

6. No changes may be made in the existing installations or in the current operation of the factory without prior permission on our part.

7. You remain obligated to ensure, with all diligence, an orderly operation of the factory, the careful closure of all apparatuses, and the immediate carrying out of any repairs that become necessary, and to pay for any harm that has demonstrably occurred to a third party from your factory.

8. We reserve the right to order any measures that might emerge in the future as necessary for eliminating harmful effects of your factory.

You must agree to these conditions in writing, and you must furnish proof that you have met points 1-5 listed above within the period to be determined by the Herr Landrath by presenting a certificate from Herr Wegebaumeister* Dieckmann, from whom you can request more detailed instructions for their implementation. Should you fail to do this, your factory would have to be shut down without delay through administrative channels, reserving the right to pursue a criminal case pursuant to § 177 of the General Commercial Code of January 17, 1845.

Since the findings of this most recent appeal went against you once more, you must bear the costs for this appeal as well as for the previous ones.

Arnsberg, May 5, 1852.
Royal Government, Department of the Interior

* Commissioner of roads – trans.

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