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The West German "Ban on Driving Motor Vehicles" (November 20, 1973)

In order to reduce oil consumption, the social-liberal government of the Federal Republic issued an executive order forbidding the use of cars on four consecutive Sundays in 1973 and limiting the speed on controlled access interstate highways to 62 miles per hour.

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Text of the Ordinance on Driving Bans for Motor Vehicles

The ordinance, which has been presented to the cabinet for approval as part of the circulation process, reads as follows:

Ordinance on Driving Bans and Speed Limits for Motor Vehicles of November 19, 1973

Pursuant to Paragraph 1, Articles 1 and 3, and Paragraphs 1, 2, and 4 of the Energy Security Act of November 9, 1973 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1585), the federal government decrees:

Paragraph One

On November 25 and December 2, 9, and 16, 1973, motor vehicles, machine-powered watercraft and engine-driven aircraft shall not be allowed to operate from 3 a.m. until 3 a.m. the following day.

Paragraph Two

(1) Paragraph one is not applicable if the vehicles named therein

1. are used in the service of authorities and agencies in the area of domestic security or by persons working for them, in the service of the German army [Bundeswehr], the armed forces of the non-German member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the international military headquarters established on the basis of the North Atlantic Treaty, the German national railroad, the German national postal service, or the customs border service;

2. are used for civil defense, including disaster protection and rescue service, or are regularly used to respond to accidents, to transport patients, or for breakdown or towing services;

3. are used by helpers of the organizations and institutions that perform the tasks referred to in Number 2, for trips to and from their place of deployment and training events;

4. are used as other service vehicles of the federal or state governments or other public law entities or on their behalf;

5. are used by diplomats (red IDs), members of trade missions (white special IDs), members of international organizations (dark red special IDs), career consular officers or members of the military missions for official travel;

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