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4. Religion, Education, Social Welfare
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Overview: Forging an Empire: Bismarckian Germany, 1866-1890   |   1. Demographic and Economic Development   |   2. Society   |   3. Culture   |   4. Religion, Education, Social Welfare   |   5. Politics I: Forging an Empire   |   6. Military and International Relations   |   7. Politics II: Parties and Political Mobilization

Further Reading: Religion, Education, Social Welfare

Michael A. Meyer with Michael Brenner, eds., German-Jewish History in Modern Times, vol. 3, Integration in Dispute, 1871-1918, ed. Stephen M. Lowenstein et al., New York, 1996; German ed. Meyer with Brenner, eds., Deutsch-Jüdische Geschichte in der Neuzeit, Bd. III, Umstrittene Integration 1871-1918, ed. Lowenstein, Munich, 1997.

Thomas Nipperdey, Religion im Umbruch. Deutschland 1870-1918, Munich, 1988.

Peter G.J. Pulzer, The Rise of Political Antisemitism in Germany and Austria, rev. ed., Cambridge, Mass., 1988 (orig. 1964).

Gerhard A. Ritter, Social Welfare in Germany and Britain: Origins and Development, Leamington Spa and Dover, N.H., 1986.

Ronald J. Ross, The Failure of Bismarck’s Kulturkampf: Catholicism and State Power in Imperial Germany, 1871-1887, Washington, DC, 1998.

Helmut Walser Smith, German Nationalism and Religious Conflict: Culture, Ideology, Politics, 1870-1914, Princeton, 1995.

Helmut Walser Smith, ed., Protestants, Catholics and Jews in Germany, 1800-1914, Oxford and New York, 2001.

Jonathan Sperber, Popular Catholicism in Nineteenth-Century Germany, Princeton, 1984.

Florian Tennstedt, Sozialgeschichte der Sozialpolitik in Deutschland. Vom 18. Jahrhundert bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg, Göttingen, 1981.

Shulamit Volkov, Germans, Jews, and Antisemites: Trials in Emancipation, Cambridge, 2006.

Paul Weindling, Health, Race, and German Politics between National Unification and Nazism, 1870-1945, Cambridge and New York, 1989.

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