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Population Distribution by Size of Locality: German Reich, Prussian Provinces, and Federal States (1871-1910)

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II. Communities in the Federal States and the Prussian Provinces: Population According to Size Category


Federal States and Prussian Provinces
Year
[Percentage of population] living in
communities with … inhabitants
Total Population

fewer than 2,000

2,000 to 4,999

5,000 to 19,999

20,000
and more

of them, 100,000 and more

%

Province of East Prussia

1871

79.2

8.9

11. 9*

6.2

1,822,934

1890

74.6

8.5

6.3

10.6

8.3

1,958,663

1910

67.0

6.1

8.9

18.0

11.9

2,064,175

Province of West Prussia

1871

74.8

9.3

6.7

9.2

1,314,915

1890

68.3

8.6

8.5

14.6

8.4

1,433,681

1910

60.0

8.4

12.8

18.5

10.0

1,703,474

Province of Brandenburg (without Berlin)

1871

46.2

7.3

12.2

34.3

28.9

2,034,801

1890

32.2

6.0

12.0

49.8

38.3

2,541,720

1910

32.0

7.9

13.3

46.7

20.2

4,092,616

Province of Pomerania

1871

68.7

9.5

14.6

7.2

1,431,492

1890

62.3

7.9

15.8

14.0

7.6

1,520,889

1910

55.3

6.8

14.3

23.5

13.7

1,716,921

Province of Poznan

1871

79.1

9.4

6.2

5.3

1,583,843

1890

73.7

10.8

9.2

6.3

1,751,642

1910

66.4

7.8

11.9

13.9

7.5

2,099,831

Province of Silesia

1871

70.0

10.8

11.7

7.5

5.6

3,707,167

1890

60.2

10.9

14.1

14.8

7.3

4,224,458

1910

46.9

10.3

17.9

24.8

9.8

5,225,962

Province of Saxony

1871

60.2

13.4

14.6

11.8

2,103,281

1890

49.9

14.2

13.4

22.5

11.8

2,580,073

1910

42.9

13.5

12.6

30.9

18.5

3,089,275

Province of Schleswig-Holstein

1871

64.2

11.4

11.4

13.0

1,045,419

1890

54.4

10.8

12.6

22.2

11.8

1,219,523

1910

41.4

12.0

14.9

31.7

23.7

1,621,004

Province of Hannover

1871

75.3

7.3

10.7

6.7

1,963,080

1890

65.3

9.4

10.2

15.1

7.2

2,278,348

1910

54.0

9.6

8.6

27.9

10.3

2,942,436

Province of Westphalia

1871

51.2

27.8

13.0

8.0

1,775,175

1890

36.7

22.6

24.9

15.8

2,428,661

1910

19.7

16.8

23.8

39.6

12.6

4,125,096

Province of Hesse-Nassau

1871

70.2

10.7

15.3

13.8

1,400,370

1890

58.8

12.4

8.2

20.6

10.8

1,664,439

1910

46.0

11.2

7.6

35.1

30.5

2,221,021

Province of the Rhineland

1871

42.7

18.4

19.8

19.1

3.6

3,579,347

1890

32.5

15.2

19.8

32.5

18.6

4,710,391

1910

20.7

11.7

17.7

49.8

32.9

7,121,140

Kindgom of Prussia (overall)

1871

62.8

12.3

11.9

13.0

5.2

24,691,085

1890

51.6

11.6

13.9

22.9

13.3

29,957,367

1910

38.4

10.2

14.1

37.1

22.4

40,165,219

Kingdom of Bavaria

1871

76.4

7.7

7.2

8.7

3.5

4,863,485

1890

68.2

8.0

7.9

15.9

8.8

5,594,982

1910

55.3

10.3

8.7

25.8

15.0

6,887,291

Kindgom of Saxony

1871

62.1

7.7

12.7

17.5

11.1

2,556,244

1890

37.1

15.2

20.0

27.7

20.3

3,502,684

1910

27.0

12.6

21.0

39.3

32.2

4,806,661

Württemberg

1871

69.3

14.2

10.0

6.5

1,818,539

1890

61.2

15.4

11.2

12.2

6.9

2,036,522

1910

50.0

14.4

14.6

21.1

11.7

2,437,574

Baden

1871

67.5

17.1

8.5

6.9

1,461,539

1890

57.4

18.7

8.0

15.9

1,657,867

1910

42.4

19.7

10.5

27.3

15.3

2,142,833

Hesse

1875**

61.4

17.8

7.3

13.5

884,218

1890

992,883

1910

39.4

18.6

14.6

27.4

8.6

1,282,051

Mecklenburg-Schwerin

1875**

61.7

17.0

10.1

11.2

553,785

1890

578,342

1910

52.4

15.0

11.8

20.7

0.0

639,958

Hamburg

1871

6.4

9.0

16.5

68.1

338,974

1890

622,530

1910

1.8

2.4

4.0

91.8

91.8

1,014,664

Alsace-Lorraine

1875**

62.9

13.9

8.6

14.5

1,531,801

1890

1,603,506

1910

46.8

14.6

17.9

20.6

9.5

1,874,014

German Reich

1871

63.9

12.4

11.2

12.5

4.8

41,058,804

1890

53.0

12.0

13.1

21.9

12.1

49,428,470

1910

40.0

11.2

14.1

34.7

21.3

64,925,993


* Cumulative value for towns with 5,000 to 19,999 people and 20,000 and more.
** A minimal margin of error must be tolerated with regard to the figures for 1875, since the size categories were defined differently than in the table: 2,000 and fewer; 2,001-5,000; 5,001-20,000; and more than 20,000.



Source: The table was compiled from statistics in the following: Statistisches Jahrbuch für das Deutsche Reich 1915 [Statistical Almanac for the German Reich 1915], pp. 4-5 (for the year 1910); 1880, pp. 6-7 (for the year 1875), and Richard Tilly, “Popular Disorders in Nineteenth Century Germany: Preliminary Survey,” Journal of Social History (Fall 1970), pp. 1-40.

Original German table reprinted in Gerd Hohorst, Jürgen Kocka, and Gerhard A. Ritter, Sozialgeschichtliches Arbeitsbuch II [Social History Workbook II]. 2nd ed. Munich: Beck, 1978, pp. 42-44.

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