||Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: Excerpts from Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Outline (1817)
The philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831), the most eminent representative of German....
||Leopold von Ranke: Excerpts from Selected Works (1824-1881)
Leopold von Ranke (1795-1886) was one of the most important and prolific German historians of the....
||Friedrich August Ludwig von der Marwitz: Excerpt from the Essay "On the Causes of Crime Getting out of Hand" (1836)
Written by the Prussian noble landlord Friedrich August von der Marwitz (1777-1838), this essay relates to contemporary discussions about the expansion of public education for the lower classes,....
||Alexander von Humboldt: Excerpts from Cosmos (1845-58)
Toward the end of his life, the geographer, naturalist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859)....
||Friedrich Diesterweg: "An Educator's Little Book of Crabs" (1856)
Friedrich Adolf Diesterweg (1790-1866), a schoolteacher and prominent proponent of progressive pedagogy, used the title of his essay to criticize the reactionary nature of advocates of traditional....