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Bernhard von Bülow (1894)
Bernhard von Bülow (1849-1929) was a career diplomat from an old aristocratic family. This photograph was taken in 1894, when Bülow was serving as German ambassador in Rome. In 1897, he returned to Germany, where he was named Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Bülow was part of Kaiser Wilhelm's inner circle, and this association proved very helpful in his subsequent rise to the office of Reich Chancellor, which he held from 1900 to 1909. As Reich Chancellor, he is best known for formulating Germany’s Weltpolitik, an aggressive foreign policy that sought a “place in the sun” for Germany in world affairs. The relationship between Bülow and the Kaiser deteriorated after the Daily Telegraph Affair, a scandal in which Bülow was implicated for failing to halt the publication of a controversial interview that the Kaiser gave to a British newspaper. He was forced to resign and was replaced by Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg in 1909.