Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig

Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig (1886-1969); architect; his “less is more” modernist design philosophy emphasized simplicity and open floor plans and utilized modern materials like glass and steel; director of the Bauhaus from 1930 to1933, at which point it was closed by the Nazis; 1937, immigrated to the United States; 1938, appointed director of Chicago’s Armour Institute of Technology (later renamed the Illinois Institute of Technology), where he remained until 1958; became an American citizen in 1944; designed “New National Gallery” in Berlin upon invitation in 1962.