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Images - Economy and Politics in the Western Zones and the Federal Republic
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1.   Black-Market Activity in Berlin (1945)
Because of dire supply shortages after 1945, an illegal black market developed through which all kinds of goods were available, but at an extremely high cost, of course. Despite frequent police raids,....
Black-Market Activity in Berlin (1945)
2.   Swapping on the Black Market (1946)
After 1945, food and daily necessities could only be acquired legally in stores in exchange for food coupons, and in small quantities. An illegal black market therefore arose. Despite frequent police....
Swapping on the Black Market (1946)
3.   The Destroyed and Demolished Krupp Works in Essen (1947)
Since the mid-nineteenth century, the Krupp works had served as one of the greatest symbols of....
The Destroyed and Demolished Krupp Works in Essen (1947)
4.   Destroyed Factory Workshop at the Krupp Works in Essen (1947)
After the war, the Krupp plant was dismantled and decartelized. Additionally, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, the former chairman of the board of Friedrich Krupp, Inc., was supposed to be indicted....
Destroyed Factory Workshop at the Krupp Works in Essen (1947)
5.   The Volkswagen Factory in the City of Wolfsburg: Scrap Yard for Damaged VW-Beetles (1947)
Founded in 1938 for Volkswagen factory workers, Wolfsburg was known as the "City of the KdF-Car." Built by Ferdinand Porsche, the Volkswagen [People's Car] was a symbol of the National Socialist....
The Volkswagen Factory in the City of Wolfsburg: Scrap Yard for Damaged VW-Beetles (1947)
6.   Conference of Military Governors and State Leaders of the "Bizone" in Frankfurt am Main (January 7-8, 1948)
At the beginning of June 1947, an attempt was made to bring all of the German minister presidents together for a conference in Munich. The attempt ended abruptly, however, when the East German representatives....
Conference of Military Governors and State Leaders of the
7.   Reconstruction Aid for Europe: The Marshall Plan (1948)
On June 5, 1947, as part of the American political strategy of containment vis-à-vis the Soviet Union, U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall delivered a speech at Harvard University in which....
Reconstruction Aid for Europe: The Marshall Plan (1948)
8.   "An Open Road for the Marshall Plan" (c. 1948)
On June 5, 1947, as part of the American political strategy of containment vis-à-vis the Soviet Union, U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall delivered a speech at Harvard University in which....
9.   Currency Reform (June 20, 1948)
Monetary reform was urgently needed to facilitate the introduction of the Marshall Plan, eliminate....
Currency Reform (June 20, 1948)
10.   Berlin Airlift: Children Hope for Chocolates (July 1948)
At the end of the war, Germany was divided into four occupation zones. The city of Berlin, located squarely....
Berlin Airlift: Children Hope for Chocolates (July 1948)
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