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Images - Building the Nazi Regime
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11.   Before the Reich Court in Leipzig: The Defendant Marinus van der Lubbe with his Interpreter (September 24, 1933)
The Reichstag Fire Trial, which was held from September 21 to December 23, 1933, was a failure for the Nazi leadership. To ensure the desired outcome months before the trial even started, Hitler....
Before the Reich Court in Leipzig: The Defendant Marinus van der Lubbe with his Interpreter (September 24, 1933)
12.   1933 Election Campaign: Hitler’s Election Posters Cover the Front of "Eldorado," a Berlin Transvestite Bar Closed by the Police (Early March 1933)
In the 1920s, Berlin had become famous for its liberal, bohemian atmosphere and its sexual permissiveness – just two of the many reasons why so many artists had been drawn to the city in those days.....
1933 Election Campaign: Hitler’s Election Posters Cover the Front of
13.   1933 Election Campaign: Ballot for the Reichstag Election in the Hesse-Darmstadt Electoral District (March 5, 1933)
Hitler hoped that the Reichstag elections would prove that the German people stood firmly behind him and the NSDAP. Although Hitler employed arbitrary tactics to suppress his political opponents....
1933 Election Campaign: Ballot for the Reichstag Election in the Hesse-Darmstadt Electoral District (March 5, 1933)
14.   1933 Election Campaign: Reich President Paul von Hindenburg Leaves the Polling Station (March 5, 1933)
Despite its best efforts, the Nazi Party was unable to win an absolute majority on March 5, 1933. With 43.9 percent of the vote, it still needed the German National People's Party (DNVP) as a coalition....
1933 Election Campaign: Reich President Paul von Hindenburg Leaves the Polling Station (March 5, 1933)
15.   SA Members Arrest Communists in Berlin on the Day after the Reichstag Elections (March 6, 1933)
There was resistance to the growing National Socialist movement even before Hitler was appointed Reich Chancellor. It mostly took the form of street fighting and beer hall brawls between members....
SA Members Arrest Communists in Berlin on the Day after the Reichstag Elections (March 6, 1933)
16.   View of the Kroll Opera House, where the Reichstag Met after the Reichstag Fire (1938)
The so-called Enabling Act, which transferred parliamentary legislative authority to the Reich....
View of the Kroll Opera House, where the Reichstag Met after the Reichstag Fire (1938)
17.   Otto Wels, SPD Chairman and Member of the Reichstag (1924)
Otto Wels had served as chairman of the Social Democratic Party since 1919 and had represented the party in the Reichstag since 1920. He went down in history, however, for the speech....
Otto Wels, SPD Chairman and Member of the Reichstag (1924)
18.   Enabling Act Adopted: Front Page of the Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (March 24, 1933)
On March 7, 1933, Hitler presented his cabinet with a plan for the definitive dissolution of the Reichstag. He intended to transfer legislative powers to his administration, which would then be “enabled”....
Enabling Act Adopted: Front Page of the <i>Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung</i> (March 24, 1933)
19.   Reich President Paul von Hindenburg Delivers His Very First May Day Address, Berlin (May 1, 1933)
To gain the support of German workers, the Hitler regime declared May 1st "National Labor Day" and made it a paid legal holiday. May Day 1933 was celebrated with massive parades and rallies throughout....
Reich President Paul von Hindenburg Delivers His Very First May Day Address, Berlin (May 1, 1933)
20.   Prohibition of Free Trade-Unions: SA Members Seize the Union Office on Engelsufer in Berlin (May 2, 1933)
German labor posed a serious political and organizational problem for the Nazi leadership. Not only was it largely Social Democratic or Communist, it was also strongly attached to its labor unions.....
Prohibition of Free Trade-Unions: SA Members Seize the Union Office on Engelsufer in Berlin (May 2, 1933)
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