||Johannes Brahms, A German Requiem, Opus 45 (1868)
Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) was a giant of nineteenth-century German music. He was born in Hamburg, the son of a professional musician, and received early musical training in piano and composition....
||A Patriotic Song from the Franco-Prussian War: The Watch on the Rhine (1840/54)
Max Schneckenburger (1819-1849) wrote the poem Die Wacht am Rhein [The Watch on the Rhine] during the Rhine crisis of 1840, when France renewed its claim to the Rhine River as France’s....
||August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, Founding Songs (1872)
The nineteenth-century German poet August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben (1798-1874) is best....
||Richard Wagner, What is German? (1865/1878)
Richard Wagner (1813-1883) was Bismarckian Germany’s most important composer and conductor, but....
||Reasons to Forego a Performance of Wagner’s Parsifal at Bayreuth (July 23, 1889)
The novelist Theodor Fontane (1819-1898), regarded by many as the most important German-language....