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Documents - Racial Politics
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1.   Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service (April 7, 1933)
During the first years of the Hitler regime, Germany’s Jewish population suffered arbitrary violence and harassment – especially from the SA. Discriminatory laws and regulations aimed at their socioeconomic....
2.   Law for the Prevention of Offspring with Hereditary Diseases (July 14, 1933)
The Nazi regime’s conception of politics was exemplified by Rudolf Heß’s (1894-1987) pronouncement that National Socialism was “applied racial....
3.   George Messersmith’s Report to the State Department on the "Present Status of the Anti-Semitic Movement in Germany" (September 21, 1933)
During his first year as Reich Chancellor, Hitler sought to eliminate the political opposition, consolidate his own power, and strengthen Germany’s military position. To protect the reputation of....
4.   The Reich Citizenship Law (September 15, 1935) and the First Regulation to the Reich Citizenship Law (November 14, 1935)
The Reichstag passed the so-called Nuremberg Laws (or “Nuremberg Racial Laws”) on September 15, 1935, during the Seventh....
5.   American Consul Samuel Honaker's Description of Anti-Semitic Persecution and Kristallnacht and its Aftereffects in the Stuttgart Region (November 12 and November 15, 1938)
During its first years in power, the Nazi regime sought to avoid criticism from both the international community and the general German population. To this end, it tried to contain street violence....
6.   Stenographic Report of a Portion of the Interministerial Meeting at the Reich Aviation Ministry [Reichsluftfahrtministerium] (November 12, 1938)
The terrifying excesses of violence and destruction committed on Kristallnacht drew protest within....
7.   Excerpts from Hitler’s Speech before the first "Greater German Reichstag" (January 30, 1939)
With the dawning of the year 1939, Germany’s war preparations in the areas of armaments, economics, and diplomacy entered into their critical end phase. These preparations were also accompanied by....
8.   Raymond Geist’s Report to George Messersmith on the Interministerial Meeting at the Reich Aviation Ministry and the Nazi Regime’s Future Plans for the Jews (April 4, 1939)
After the interministerial meeting on November 12, 1938, Göring ordered the establishment of the Reich Central Office for Jewish Emigration within the Ministry of the Interior. Following Adolf Eichmann’s....
9.   Signed Letter by Hitler Authorizing Euthanasia Killings (backdated to September 1, 1939)
Prompted by a father’s petition for help in euthanizing a child born with a deformity, Hitler authorized his personal physician Dr.....
10.   Lily Offenbacher Shares Her Knowledge of the "Euthanasia" Program with the U.S. Coordinator of Information (September 1941)
In the fall of 1939, Hitler’s authorized agents Phillip Bouhler (1899-1945), head of his Chancellery, and Dr.....
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