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Documents - Economic Development
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1.   Population Growth (1890-1914)
German society grew and changed dramatically in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. In the twenty years prior to the First World War, the rate of population growth averaged 1.34 percent,....
2.   Population Redistribution (1871 and 1910)
Up to 1871, Germany had been primarily agricultural. By the 1890s, however, the rise of cities and industrial production had begun to reshape German ways of life. The population grew by more than....
3.   Occupational Breakdown of Germany‚Äôs Population (1882-1907)
Industrialization changed the way the rapidly expanding German population earned its livelihood. In 1871, about 49 percent of the workforce was engaged in agriculture; by 1907, that number had fallen....
4.   Organization of German Agriculture (1882 and 1907)
The course of industrialization also changed the patterns of production in the countryside. While historical differences account for the prevalence of smaller farms in the western regions of Germany,....
5.   German Crop Yields (1848-1852 to 1908-1912)
Industrialization allowed for the concentration of farms and the use of new products such as chemical fertilizers. As a result, farmers were able to produce more crops on the same square kilometer....
6.   Meat Production (1890-1913)
Economic development and industrialization during the Wilhelmine period raised the standard of living. Here, we see a gradual but steady rise in the production of a variety of meats, including beef,....
7.   Concentration of Enterprise (1882-1907)
Industrialization in Wilhelmine Germany saw a shift away from small-scale production toward a greater concentration of businesses. The size of trade and industrial companies grew, and the number....
8.   Industrial Growth (1870-1914)
A short, speculative boom fueled by the euphoria over the defeat of France and the prospects of a unified marketplace followed German unification in 1871. German industrialization, however, first....
9.   Industrial Employment (1849-1913)
Between 1849 and 1913, traditional industries like textiles and leather goods grew in proportion to the economy and population. It was the new branches of industry (e.g. coal, steel,....
10.   Inside the Exhibition Hall of a Steel Works (1902)
Steel manufacturing was one of the main engines of economic growth in Wilhelmine Germany. Firms like Krupp,....
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