Banquet for Berlin Bibliophiles, Kroll Opera House (1932)
The book lovers' and collectors' societies that began to appear in Germany at the end of the nineteenth century were based on groups that had been established earlier in England and France. The German societies attracted book lovers and collectors from the professions and academia, as well as from publishing houses and the antiquarian book trade. The group known as "Berlin Bibliophile Evening" was founded in 1905 by Fedor von Zopeltitz, one of the original members of the “Weimar Bibliophiles” group. German bibliophilic societies had a substantial and active Jewish membership. Of the three hundred members of the Berliner Bibliophilen-Abend between 1905 and 1930, seventy-five were Jewish.