Jakob Wassermann (c. 1928); Title Page of his Autobiography My Path as German and Jew [Mein Weg als Deutscher und Jude] (1921)
Jakob Wassermann (1873-1934), was a writer, essayist, and theater critic who enjoyed both popular and critical acclaim. His circle of literary friendships included Arthur Schnitzler, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Thomas Mann, Hermann Hesse, and Samuel Fischer, the founder of S. Fischer Verlag (and Wassermann's publisher as well). In 1926, he was elected to the Prussian Academy of Art. He resigned in 1933 after the Nazi takeover. His books were banned that same year. His last book, Joseph Kerkhoven's Third Existence [Joseph Kerkhovens dritte Existenz], was published posthumously in the Netherlands in 1934.
The following passage appears in Wassermann's 1921 autobiography, My Path as German and Jew [Mein Weg als Deutscher und Jude]. As the title suggests, Wassermann spent his life grappling with the dual nature of his identity. “Disregarding my natural inclination to work with images and characters – and compelled by an inner need and by the urgency of the times – I would like to give an account of the most problematic aspect of my life, the one that relates to both my Jewishness and my existence as a Jew, not as a Jew per se, but rather as a German Jew, two concepts that, even from an unprejudiced point of view, open up a plethora of misunderstandings, tragedies, contradictions, quarrels, and sorrows. The subject has always been awkward, whether out of shame or freedom or defiance, sugar-coated on one side, nasty on the other. Today it is a burning problem. [ . . . ] I stand at the threshold of the fifth decade of my life, surrounded by a ring of forms [Gestalten], and all want to reassure me that what is done [das Getane] has not been done in vain. I am a German, and I am a Jew, the one as fully and completely as the other. The one cannot be separated from the other.” From: Jakob Wassermann, Mein Weg Als Deutscher und Jude. Berlin: S, Fischer Verlag, 1921, pp. 7, 126. Translated by Insa Kummer