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German History in Documents and Images
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Panicked Customers at the Berlin City Savings Bank on MĂĽhlendamm (July 16, 1931)
In spite of a moratorium on reparations payments and other efforts to stabilize German banks and credit institutions, depositors’ mistrust turned to panic in July 1931. The government tried to stem the outflow by ordering banks to close and by setting limits on withdrawals. Within the space of a few days, however, nearly one fifth of the currency in circulation in Germany vanished under mattresses or was otherwise hoarded.