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German History in Documents and Images
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Church Hierarchy: Pilgrim, Vicar, and Flagellant (2nd Half of the 16th Century)
The image depicts (from left to right) a pilgrim, a vicar, and a flagellant. The pilgrim is identified by the cockleshells affixed to his hat and cape; the flagellant wears a robe with an open back and a mask to drive away evil spirits. Woodcut by Tobias Stimmer (1539-1584) and L. Fly, second half of the 16th century.