GHDI logo
German History in Documents and Images
return to system

Portrait of Friedrich List (1839)
Portrait of the economist Friedrich List (1789-1846) by Caroline Hövemeyer, 1839. As a representative of economic nationalism, List advocated protective tariffs on foreign manufactured goods imported into the German states. He believed that these tariffs would assist the growth of developing industries. Within the German states, however, he favored free trade and occupational freedom.