Aerial Images of Central Hamburg after "Operation Gomorrah" (July 28, 1943)
Starting in 1942, Allied air attacks on German cities became part of the population’s everyday experience of war. That year residential quarters in Lübeck, Rostock, and Cologne were bombed by British warplanes. The goal was to break the residents’ morale and bring the war to a faster end. “Operation Gomorrah” was one of the worst attacks; it destroyed large parts of Hamburg and killed tens of thousands of people in July 1943.