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German History in Documents and Images
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A South-German View of Liberal Capitulation (April 1868)
South German liberals, who looked at the North German Confederation from the outside in 1868, were unimpressed by the compromises struck between Bismarck and the National Liberals north of the River Main. In this political cartoon from April of that year, the National Liberals are portrayed as “grave-diggers”: they have interred free speech, parliamentary control of military budgets, Electoral Hesse’s constitution of 1831, self-determination for Schleswig-Holstein, and, as the title reads, “much else besides.” This caricature originally appeared in the Münchener Punsch.