Black-Market Activity in Berlin (1945)
Because of dire supply shortages after 1945 and concomitant hoarding, an illegal black market developed through which all kinds of goods were available, but at an extremely high cost, of course. Despite frequent police raids, the black market only disappeared after the currency reform of 1948, when the elimination of state price and quantity controls enabled the development of a market price structure. In the photograph below, a German offers an American soldier his camera. Photographer unknown.