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"Constitution of the Kingdom of Bavaria," issued by King Maximilian I, cosigned by Ministers Montgelas, Hompesch, and Morawitzky (May 25, 1808)
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§ V. The militia is confirmed. A national guard will be established to maintain the peace in times of war, and a gendarmerie to handle police matters. [ . . . ]

Peoples of Our realm! The strengthening of your common welfare is our objective. The more important that goal appears to you, the more imbued you are with the insight that no particular welfare can be maintained permanently in any other way than in the closest connection with the common welfare, the more certainly that goal will be reached and Our sovereign concern will be rewarded. [ . . . ]



Source: Königlich-Baierisches Regierungsblatt [Royal Bavarian Gazette], May 25, 1808, Col. 985-1000.

Reprinted in Walter Demel and Uwe Puschner, eds. Von der Französischen Revolution bis zum Wiener Kongreß 1789-1815 [From the French Revolution to the Congress of Vienna, 1789-1815], Deutsche Geschichte in Quellen und Darstellung, edited by Rainer A. Müller, vol 6. Stuttgart: P. Reclam, 1995, pp. 119-23.

Translation: Erwin Fink

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